written by Julian Pfleging, European Horizons at Sciences Po Paris

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(Lausanne, April 2, 2015)

Executive Summary

The conclusion of the JCPOA in 2015 was undoubtedly one of the most significant diplomatic achievements of the EU. However, pride in past achievements should not blur one’s vision of the present. The EU should identify its stakes and interests in the conflict about the Iranian nuclear program and promote them more assertively. It is time for the EU to acknowledge the de facto failure of the JCPOA, work together with the incoming U.S. …


written by Lucie Landon, President of European Horizons Bath

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European Commission

On 11th October 2019, the European Commission unveiled the European Green Deal, its plan to make Europe carbon neutral by 2050. All sectors were affected: Finance, economy, agriculture, transport, construction. But what does this green transition mean for the European Union? It is no secret that the Union has been dependent on Russia’s oil and gas industry for many years, despite attempts at diversifying its energy sources. Will the European Green Deal manage to eliminate the EU’s strategic dependence on Russia ? …


written by Camilla Alcini

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Getty Images

ESM is the English acronym for the European Stability Mechanism, known in Italian as “il Meccanismo Europeo di Stabilità” (MES). The ESM has been a recurrent feature of Italian politics throughout the course of the Covid-19 pandemic. But what exactly is it, and why is such an animated debate taking place around it now?

Established in September 2012 in response to the damages of the 2008 Great Recession, the ESM is an EU intergovernmental organization whose main premise is doing “whatever it takes to preserve the euro”. It provides financial assistance to countries in need by…


Restitution of Objects, Changing Interpretations, and Elevation of Oppressed Voices in European and North American Cultural Institutions

written by Peter Favret ’21 and Jenna Martin ’22, College of William and Mary

Published as part of European Horizons’ Winter 2020 policy priority series on Combatting Systemic Racism.

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Image by Elvert Barnes, Sourced from Creative Commons “38a.BLM.Murals.NBM.WDC.18September2020” .

The British Museum made headlines this year following its refusal to remove a bust of Museum founder Hans Sloane, an enslaver, from its Enlightenment Gallery. The refusal to remove the bust came after Cultural Secretary Oliver Dowden sent a letter to government-funded museums threatening to cut support and funding if they removed objects that were considered controversial. Dowden told museums that “As publicly funded bodies, you should not be taking actions…


written by Kyilah Terry, Co-President, European Horizons Georgetown

Published as part of European Horizons’ Winter 2020 policy priority series on Combatting Systemic Racism.

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Ulrich D’Pola Kamdem, The Economic and Financial Analysis View of Africa, August 2018.

Borders are often thought of as demarcated lines along sovereign territories, but they transcend geography and are also liminal spaces where an individual’s right to relief and livelihood is imperiled, and where the politicized form of life in the notion of citizenship is created and contested. The US and EU have both been criticized for implementing restrictive migration border policies that violate international standards and the rights refugees. Moreover, it seems like the two have created a…


How American Adversaries Interfere in the U.S. Election

written by Christian Blank, Georgetown Security Studies M.A. Candidate

As election day draws closer, the steady stream of political ads and targeted messaging campaigns intensifies. But just last week, threatening emails sent to Democratic voters raised red flags. According to the Director of National Intelligence and FBI Director, Iran issued these threats posing as pro-Trump far-right groups like the Proud Boys in an effort to undermine confidence in the democratic process. Such efforts are not new, but the landscape has changed. The U.S. …


written by Philipp Rombach, Director of Policy

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Chancellor Helmut Kohl in Erfurt at electoral rally for first free elections in East Germany, 1990

Less than a year after the peaceful revolution tore down the wall on November 9, 1989, West and East Germany reunified in a truly historic moment on October 3, 1990. For Chancellor Kohl German reunification signified the prerequisite and catalyst for European unity. In the eyes of others, Europe was once again destined for war. British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher openly opposed reunification and infamously proclaimed that the United Kingdom has ‘beaten the Germans twice, and now they’re back!’[i] French President François Mitterrand, too, confessed to Thatcher that a reunified Germany might indeed…


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Image by JL G from Pixabay

written by Carl Michel Reischel, President, Sciences Po Paris

On 5th May 2020, a border conflict erupted between the Republic of India and the People’s Republic of China. It’s the first time in three decades that China’s People’s Liberation Army fought on foreign soil. Not only does this incident mark one of many new approaches and changes in China’s foreign policy, it also paints a more assertive picture of the Middle Kingdom and raises the question of a changing Chinese foreign policy.

Since the 1970s, with the opening of Chinese diplomatic relations to the world many things have changed in…


written by Patrick Kornegay Jr., University of Connecticut European Horizons Alumnus

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Kongokonferenz

In the aftermath of George Floyd’s murder and the racial unrest that followed, America has had to come to terms with its racial past, be it issues with flags, statues, current army installations that all have links to the Confederacy. Although one of America’s closest allies, Germany, has been an exemplar in its own dealing with its past (termed die Vergangenheitsbewältigung), it should follow American citizen’s example of coming to terms with its racial past. Germany, with regards to its colonial/imperial misadventures, still struggles with to this day.

From…


written by Oliver Zarp-Karsholt

“Europe will be forged in crises” (Monnet 1976) — those were the words of Jean Monnet, although the forging has not gone well in recent years. The handling of the 2008 financial crisis caused a great deal of division between North and South Europe, the refugee crisis showed the EU’s inability to act fast, and the UK is in the chaotic process of leaving the Union. Now, the EU faces the COVID-19 pandemic, and the response to the financial crisis occurring from it will be another defining moment for the Union.

An enormous recovery fund of…

The Transatlantic Perspective

TTP, formerly known as the IDEAS blog, is the official blog of European Horizons, created to give students a voice on transatlantic policy. Views are not EuH’s.

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